Oxidation is what causes cars to rust and fruits and veggies to go bad. The same environmental stressors can wreak havoc on our skin. This toner contains antioxidants like green tea and raspberry to promote youthful skin, aloe to soothe and moisturize and chamomile to ease dry, eczema or psoriasis prone skin. Gotu Kola helps ease the appearance of scars. Excellent as an after shave soother to reduce bumps.